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2014考研英语一答案与解析

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2014年全国硕士研究生入学统一考过试英语(一)答案与解析

Section I Use of Language

Directions:

幸运28开奖走势图Read the following text. Choose the best word(S) for each numbered blank and mark A, B ,C or D on ANSWER SHEET. (10 Points)

As many people hit middle age, they often start to notice that their memory and mental clarity are not what they used to be. We suddenly can't remember 1 we put the keys just a moment ago, or an old acquaintance's name, or the name of an old band we used to love. As the brain 2 , we refer to these occurrences as "senior moments." 3 seemingly innocent, this loss of mental focus can potentially have a(an) 4 impact on our professional, social, and personal 5 .

Neuroscientists, experts who study the nervous system, are increasingly showing that there's actually a lot that can be done. It 6 out that the brain needs exercise in much the same way our muscles do, and the right mental 7 can significantly improve our basic cognitive 8 . Thinking is essentially a 9 of making connections in the brain. To a certain extent, our ability to 10 in making the connections that drive intelligence is inherited. 11 , because these connections are made through effort and practice, scientists believe that intelligence can expand and fluctuate 12 幸运28开奖走势图mental effort.

Now, a new Web-based company has taken it a step 13 and developed the first "brain training program" designed to actually help people improve and regain their mental 14 .

The Web-based program 15 you to systematically improve your memory and attention skills. The program keeps 16 of your progress and provides detailed feedback 17 your performance and improvement. Most importantly, it 18 modifies and enhances the games you play to 19 on the strengths you are developing--much like a(n) 20 exercise routine requires you to increase resistance and vary your muscle use.

1.[A]where

[B]when

[C]that

[D]why

2.[A]improves

[B]fades

幸运28开奖走势图[C]recovers

幸运28开奖走势图[D]collapses

3.[A]If

[B]Unless

[C]Once

[D]While

4.[A]uneven

[B]limited

[C]damaging

[D]obscure

幸运28开奖走势图5.[A]wellbeing

[B]environment

[C]relationship

[D]outlook

6.[A]turns

[B]finds

[C]points

[D]figures

幸运28开奖走势图7.[A]roundabouts

[B]responses

[C]workouts

[D]associations

8.[A]genre

[B]functions

[C]circumstances

[D]criterion

幸运28开奖走势图9.[A]channel

[B]condition

幸运28开奖走势图[C]sequence

[D]process

10.[A]persist

[B]believe

[C]excel

[D]feature

11.[A]Therefore

[B]Moreover

[C]Otherwise

[D]However

幸运28开奖走势图12.[A]according to

幸运28开奖走势图[B]regardless of

[C]apart from

幸运28开奖走势图[D]instead of

13.[A]back

[B]further

[C]aside

[D]around

14.[A]sharpness

[B]stability

[C]framework

[D]flexibility

15.[A]forces

[B]reminds

[C]hurries

[D]allows

16.[A]hold

[B]track

[C]order

[D]pace

17.[A] to

[B]with

[C]for

[D]on

18.[A]irregularly

[B]habitually

幸运28开奖走势图[C]constantly

幸运28开奖走势图[D]unusually

幸运28开奖走势图19.[A]carry

[B]put

[C]build

[D]take

幸运28开奖走势图20.[A]risky

[B]effective

[C]idle

[D]familiar

答案:1-5 ABDCA

6-10 ACBDC

11-15 DABAD

16-20 BDCCB

1. [标准答案] [A]

[考点分析] 上下文语义和连词辨析

[选项分析] 本题考查连词。根据上下文意思,首先可以排除[B][C][D]。这句话中 where 引导一个状语语从句,主要是说记不清把钥匙放在哪里了。

2. [标准答案] [B]

[考点分析] 上下文语义和动词辨析

[选项分析] As the brain 2 we refer to these occurrences as "senior moments这句话的意思是“由于大脑 2 我们称这些现象为“瞬间性老年痴呆”,由此可以排除[A] 和 [C]。[D]collapse意为:使倒塌,使崩溃,不符合题意。fades考察熟词僻意,通常意思为褪色,逝去。还有衰老的意思,这里就考察是衰老的意思。从前文可以看出,文章讲的是随着年龄增长,大脑衰老。所以选[B]

幸运28开奖走势图3. [标准答案] [D]

幸运28开奖走势图[考点分析] 逻辑衔接题

[选项分析] [A] if 表示假设“如果”。[B] Unless “除非,如果不”。[C]Once “一旦”。[D]While,“虽然,然而”表转折。这句话的意思是虽然表面上看起来没什么,但是危害很大,前后位转折关系,所以选D。

4. [标准答案] [C]

[考点分析] 上下文语义和词汇辨析

[选项分析] 这四个选项均为形容词,[A] 表示“不均匀”, [B] 表示“有限的”, [C] 表示“有破坏性的,损坏的”, [D] 表示“模糊的,晦涩的”。这句话意思是这种精神能量的缺失会给我们带来……的影响。根据上下文的意思,可以排除 [A] 和 [D]。而“有限的影响”显然不足以表达危害的严重性,故可以排除[B] 选项。[C] “带来有害的影响”最符合作者意图。

5. [标准答案] [A]

[考点分析] 上下文语义和名词辨析

[选项分析] 本句话含义是这种精神能量的缺失会给我们的职业、社交还有个人……带来有害的影响。)阅读文章同样注重时效性,Text3便是反应了2013年3月份的一次实时事件:基础物理学基金会于3月20日晚在瑞士日内瓦揭晓了2013年基础物理学奖!所以2015考研的同学们一定要多多关注社会热点话题,拓展视野,丰富自己的文化

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